Trenton

Compadrazgo, a Spanish word that literally translates to

co-fatherhood”, is based on a kinship ritual that is formed after a child gets baptized into the Roman Catholic faith.

For the predominantly Catholic and close-knit Philippine society, the go

dfather (known as the padrino) is part of one’s extended family and is expected to h

elp and protect his godchild. The godchild is expected to respect and be loyal to the padrino.

Bapakism is derived from the Indonesian word for “father”. When used

in Indonesian business, bapakism demands great respect and obedience to one’s supe

rior. The manager in his role as the company’s bapak is expected to look after and care for his employees.

Although Asian values are steeped in an ancient culture and tradition, it was

only in the 1990s that this concept drew global attention. This was partly due to Asian lead

ers like the late Singaporean prime minister Lee Kuan Yew’s and current Malaysian Pri

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